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This separation of a company from its members was established in the House of Lords in the famous case. Salomon had a boot manufacturing business which he decided to incorporate into a private limited company.

He sold his business to the newly formed company, A Salomon & Co Ltd, and took his payment by shares and a debenture or debt of £10,000.

In this case, a separate corporate entity was brought into existence outside the taxable territory with the ulterior motive of evading the tax obligation by the assessee mills.

The Supreme Court observed: "It is true that from the juristic point of view, the company is a legal personality entirely distinct from its members and the company is capable of enjoying rights and being subjected to duties which are not the same as those enjoyed or borne by its members.

A corporation is a separate legal entity from its owners.

In other words, if a corporation, in the course of doing business, is involved in any legal action, then the corporation, for legal purposes, is its own person.

He had not transferred the insurance policy to the company. After the sale, Macaura continued to insure the plantation in his own name. When Macaura attempted to claim on the policy, the company refused to pay.

The issue was whether Macaura had an insurable interest at the time of the loss.

It was held that As soon as citizens form a company, the rights guaranteed to them by article 19(1)c has been exercised and no restraint has been placed on the right and no infringement of that right is made.The result was that Mr Salomon was entitled to be repaid the debt as the first secured creditor.In this case, Mr Salomon was the major shareholder, a director, an employee and a creditor of the company he created.Once a company or corporation is formed, the business which is carried on by the such company or corporation is the business of that company or corporation and is not the business of the citizens who get the company or corporation incorporated and the rights of the incorporated body must be judges on that footing and cannot be judged on the assumption that they are the rights attributed to the business of individual citizens.The court held that the income-tax authorities were entitled to pierce the veil of corporate entity and to look at the reality of the transaction to examine whether the corporate entity was being used for tax evasion.

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