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However, deciphering the different types of interactions among community members, with their hosts and their interplay with their environment is still a challenge of major proportion. The emerging fields of synthetic microbial ecology and community systems biology have the potential to decrypt these complex relationships. doi: 10.1038/ismej.2014.239 Cross Ref Full Text | Google Scholar Fraune, S., and Bosch, T. Animals are home to complex microbial communities, which are shaped through interactions within the community, interactions with the host, and through environmental factors. The advent of high-throughput sequencing methods has led to novel insights in changing patterns of community composition and structure. Long-term maintenance of species-specific bacterial microbiota in the basal metazoan Hydra. continue We have received this announcement from Kris De Baerdemacker (RISM Belgium/Royal Library of Belgium): The Royal Library of Belgium (B-Br) has recently digitized over 1,000 sources from the Fétis collection (more information in French and Dutch).

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These host-associated microbial communities (microbiomes) live on host surfaces, are associated with different tissues, and can reside inter- and intracellularly (Huttenhower et al., 2012; Kostic et al., 2013). Microbes sustain life on this planet as they perform not only important ecosystem functions but also inhabit all organisms. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1213110109 Cross Ref Full Text | Google Scholar Fraune, S., Abe, Y., and Bosch, T. The entirety of a host with its associated microbial community, including viruses and cellular microbes is called the “metaorganism” or “holobiont” (Bosch and Mc Fall-Ngai, 2011; Bosch and Miller, 2016). In Hydra, microbial communities of wild caught and domesticated animals have been found to be surprisingly similar and to share a core microbiota at the taxonomic level (Fraune and Bosch, 2007). It is likely that the microbiome (like microbial communities associated with abiotic environments) is affected by various extrinsic and intrinsic factors, e.g., temperature, p H, resource availability, microbe–microbe interactions, but also by interactions with the host.

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