Carbon 14 dating price
Germany is one of the biggest importers of gas, coal and oil worldwide, and has few domestic resources apart from lignite and renewables (but see later section). The preponderance of coal makes the country Europe’s biggest emitter of carbon dioxide.The 2016 increase in renewables generation was the smallest since 2009.Long drawn-out "consensus talks" with the electric utilities were intended to establish a timetable for phase out, with the Greens threatening unilateral curtailment of licences without compensation if agreement was not reached.All operating nuclear plants then had unlimited licences with strong legal guarantees.Handing out enormous long-term subsidies to solar farms was unwise; abolishing nuclear power so quickly is crazy. The price of globally traded hard coal has dropped in the past few years, partly because shale-gas-rich America is exporting so much.
Of the total generation, lignite provided 150 TWh, hard coal 112 TWh, nuclear 85 TWh (13%), gas 81 TWh, onshore wind 65 TWh, offshore wind 12 TWh, biomass 46 TWh, solar PV 38 TWh, hydro 21 TWh, and household waste 6 TWh ( figures.).
The Federal Ministry of Economics & Technology (BMWi) implements national energy policy.
German support for nuclear energy was very strong in the 1970s following the oil price shock of 1974, and as in France, there was a perception of vulnerability regarding energy supplies.
In October 1998 a coalition government was formed between the Social Democratic Party (SPD) and the Green Party, the latter having polled only 6.7% of the vote.
As a result, these two parties agreed to change the law to phase out of nuclear power.